i. The Muscat Agreement
“We further support the translation of this goal into the following global targets, for which
minimum global benchmarks and relevant indicators will be identified/developed:
Target 4.1: By 2030, at least x% of girls and boys are ready for primary school through
participation in quality early childhood care and education, including at least one year of free
and compulsory pre-primary education, with particular attention to gender equality and the
Target 4.2: By 2030, all girls and boys complete free and compulsory quality basic education
of at least 9 years and achieve relevant learning outcomes, with particular attention to gender
equality and the most marginalized.
Target 4.3: By 2030, all youth and at least x% of adults reach a proficiency level in literacy
and numeracy sufficient to fully participate in society, with particular attention to girls and
women and the most marginalized.
Target 4.4: By 2030, at least x% of youth and y% of adults have the knowledge and skills for
decent work and life through technical and vocational, upper secondary and tertiary education
and training, with particular attention to gender equality and the most marginalized.
Target 4.5: By 2030, all learners acquire knowledge, skills, values and attitudes to establish
sustainable and peaceful societies, including through global citizenship education and
education for sustainable development.
Target 4.6: By 2030, all governments ensure that all learners are taught by qualified,
professionally-trained, motivated and well-supported teachers.
Target 4.7: By 2030, all countries allocate at least 4-6% of their Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) or at least 15-20% of their public expenditure to education, prioritizing groups most in
need; and strengthen financial cooperation for education, prioritizing countries most in need.”